Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Environmental Urban Plan for Failaka Island, Kuwait: A Study in Urban Geomorphology

Version 1 : Received: 4 August 2020 / Approved: 5 August 2020 / Online: 5 August 2020 (04:24:17 CEST)

How to cite: Hassan, A.; Almatar, M.G.; Torab, M.; Allen, C.D. Environmental Urban Plan for Failaka Island, Kuwait: A Study in Urban Geomorphology. Preprints 2020, 2020080107 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0107.v1). Hassan, A.; Almatar, M.G.; Torab, M.; Allen, C.D. Environmental Urban Plan for Failaka Island, Kuwait: A Study in Urban Geomorphology. Preprints 2020, 2020080107 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0107.v1).

Abstract

Failaka Island, located in the far east of Kuwait Bay, is about 20 km from the State of Kuwait’s coast, and represents a focal point for regional geography and history, with pristine beaches and archaeological sites dating to the Bronze, Iron, Hellenistic, Christian and Islamic periods. According to environmental data and in coordination with local authorities to develop an urban plan, the island is set to become the first tourist destination for the State of Kuwait. To achieve the Vision of Kuwait 2035, one of the planning objectives focuses around Urban Planning for the Establishment of Environmental Cities that Achieve (UPEECA) environmental sustainability criteria. The paper then, aims to propose the environmental urban plan for Failaka Island. Based around Environmental Analytical Hierarchical Processes (EAHP), and using the Field Calculator and ModelBuilder functions in ArcGIS, this research centres on the feasibility of carrying out an urban plan using suitability modelling that includes four factors and 13 criteria covering the island’s ecological and human composition. This study utilizes both remote sensing (UAVs for 3D imaging) and field study (ground truthing) to identify changes in land use and land cover – such as using sample analysis of the historical sites and soils for tracing evidence and creating/updating a soil map – and create the first GIS database for the island that can lead to generating a suitability model.

Subject Areas

Urban Geomorphology; geoarchaeology; suitability Model-GIS; Environmental Analytical Hierarchical process (EAHP); Failaka Island

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