Preprint Brief Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties during COVID-19 Pandemic in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Version 1 : Received: 24 July 2020 / Approved: 26 July 2020 / Online: 26 July 2020 (15:31:51 CEST)

How to cite: Nonweiler, J.; Rattray, F.; Baulcomb, J.; Happe, F.; Absoud, M. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties during COVID-19 Pandemic in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020070636 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0636.v1). Nonweiler, J.; Rattray, F.; Baulcomb, J.; Happe, F.; Absoud, M. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties during COVID-19 Pandemic in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020070636 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0636.v1).

Abstract

Children and young people (CYP) with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) may be particularly vulnerable to adverse mental health effects due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted a cross-sectional U.K parent-reported study from 2nd April-2nd June 2020, using the Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire. CYP with NDDs (n=371) compared to neurotypical controls, had a higher prevalence of emotional symptoms (42% vs 15%), conduct problems (28% vs 9%), and lower prosocial behaviours (54% vs 22%). Those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder showed inflated conduct, and those with autism spectrum disorder exhibited decreased prosocial behaviours. Females with ASD had higher emotional symptoms compared to males.

Subject Areas

Autism Spectrum Disorder; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Behavioural Neuroscience; Mental Health; COVID-19; Pandemic; Paediatric Neurology

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