Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Epidemiological Characteristics of Early COVID-19 Case Outbreaks in Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 16 July 2020 / Approved: 17 July 2020 / Online: 17 July 2020 (06:24:55 CEST)

How to cite: Bakar, A.; Kuncoroaji, T.I.; Lee, A.; Lee, S.; Ningrum, V. Epidemiological Characteristics of Early COVID-19 Case Outbreaks in Indonesia. Preprints 2020, 2020070367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0367.v1). Bakar, A.; Kuncoroaji, T.I.; Lee, A.; Lee, S.; Ningrum, V. Epidemiological Characteristics of Early COVID-19 Case Outbreaks in Indonesia. Preprints 2020, 2020070367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0367.v1).

Abstract

The initial outbreak of COVID-19 was first reported in Wuhan (China) during the latter part of December 2019. Indonesia has the fourth-largest population globally and reported the country’s first case of the virus on 2nd March 2020. The World Health Organisation (WHO) in addition to several neighbouring provinces and educational institutions within the region began questioning the Indonesian government upon the initial case reported. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia during March 2020. The data were collected from Indonesian government databases and non-government organisations (NGOs). The data were analysed using Microsoft Office 2019 (Excel) and Adobe Illustrator 2017 software, was used in drawing the map depicting the distribution of COVID-19 in Indonesia. As at 31st March 2020, a total of 1,528 people in Indonesia have been infected by COVID-19, in addition to 136 mortalities (CFR of 8.9%). Jakarta, as the principal capital of Indonesia, quickly has become the epicentre of the virus since this period. Most patient cases were attributed to those aged between 31 and 70 years (72.64%), with male patients (64.93%) representing the highest incidence of cases compared to female patients (35.07%). The number of ventilating machines was 3,326, with hospital numbers at 859. The distribution of cases depicting COVID-19 was mainly seen in urban areas compared to rural areas. Males compared to females, are at a higher risk of contracting COVID-19, including those aged below 30, between 30 and 60 or above. Indonesia also has the highest case fatality rate (CFR) with respect to mortalities in Southeast Asia and has the second-highest CFR globally. Similarly, while the number of ventilator machines as at 31st March 2020 were sufficient in meeting the growing number of COVID-19 cases in the country, it is possible that the government may need to increase the number of ventilators if the cases continue to escalate.

Subject Areas

Confirmed cases, case fatality rate, province, age, gender.

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.