Preprint Communication Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Maternal Mortality Ratio in Low Income Developing Countries-Focusing on Pakistan

Version 1 : Received: 28 June 2020 / Approved: 30 June 2020 / Online: 30 June 2020 (07:15:28 CEST)

How to cite: Mehboob, R.; Ahmad, F.J.; Gilani, S.A.; Hassan, A.; Khalid, S.; Akram, J. Maternal Mortality Ratio in Low Income Developing Countries-Focusing on Pakistan. Preprints 2020, 2020060354 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0354.v1). Mehboob, R.; Ahmad, F.J.; Gilani, S.A.; Hassan, A.; Khalid, S.; Akram, J. Maternal Mortality Ratio in Low Income Developing Countries-Focusing on Pakistan. Preprints 2020, 2020060354 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0354.v1).

Abstract

Background: Maternal mortality (MM) is a matter of serious concern in low income developing countries (LDCs). Perspective: A great reduction has been observed regarding the maternal deaths globally after huge efforts since 1990 todate. However, the situation continues to be either stagnant or worsening in developing countries, suggesting that the efforts to cope with this issue are either insufficient or not properly implemented. We need to first diagnose the problem areas that are a great hurdle in the road to success towards the reduction of MM. Postpartum haemorrhage and preeclampsia are one of the most common causes of MM. Malnutrition, neurological dysfunction and cancer are among the non-obstetric causes. Trained medical and paramedical staff can be of great help in this regard by increasing awareness among masses at grass root level. Target set by Millennium Development goal has minimized the MM by 44%. But it has not met the target set by Millenium Development Goals 5 and a lot of measures need to be taken in this regard. Conclusions: Majority of the MDs are preventable and can be avoided by adopting appropriate frameworks, linked data sets, surveillance, birth attendants training, preparation for births, etc. Delay in decision to get healthcare, access to healthcare center and receiving these facilities are the main factors in MM.

Subject Areas

maternal mortality; Pakistan; Millenium development goals; sustainable development goals; antenatal care

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