Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Image Enhancement for In-Vivo Breast Cancer Screening Using DIET system

Version 1 : Received: 6 June 2020 / Approved: 7 June 2020 / Online: 7 June 2020 (14:53:34 CEST)

How to cite: Nazir, A.; Younis, M.S.; Shahzad, M.K. Image Enhancement for In-Vivo Breast Cancer Screening Using DIET system. Preprints 2020, 2020060091 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0091.v1). Nazir, A.; Younis, M.S.; Shahzad, M.K. Image Enhancement for In-Vivo Breast Cancer Screening Using DIET system. Preprints 2020, 2020060091 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0091.v1).

Abstract

Breast cancer is a leading cause of death among women. Conventional screening methods, such as mammography, and ultrasound diagnosis are expensive and have significant limitations. Digital Image Elasto Tomography (DIET) is a new noninvasive breast cancer screening system that has a potential to be a low cost and reliable breast cancer screening tool. It is based on modal analysis of the breast mass, and stereographic 3D image analysis to detect the stiffer abnormal tissues. However, camera sensor noise, especially Gaussian noise is a major source of Optical Flow (OF) error in this approach to tumor detection. This work studies the performance of different conventional filters, including the standard Gaussian filter tool to remove this noise and produce more robust screening results. A radical approach, Multiple Frame Noise Removal (MFNR) is proposed, for use in this type of medical image processing instead of a Gaussian filter or other typical image noise removal tools. Its a multiple frame noise removal method where Probability Density Function (PDF) of noise is extracted from the multiple images by characterizing the same pixel positions in multiple images. The noise becomes deterministic, and hence easily removed. The proposed algorithm was applied to a data set from 10 phantom breast tests with a prototype DIET system, and 10 in-vivo samples from healthy women. Comparisons were made to an optimal Gaussian filter form that is commonly used. Reductions in OF error using these digitally imaged data sets was used to compare performance. Refinement of the images for medical applications requires higher PSNR, which was successfully achieved by using MFNR algorithm. In this study, the algorithm was used to improve the imaging results of a DIET system. The conventional wisdom that states that noise removal and detail preservation are contrasting effects is

Subject Areas

Breast Cancer Screening; Digital Image Elasto Tomography (DIET); Image Noise Removal, Image Enhancement; Multiple Frame Noise Removal (MFNR)

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