Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Multiresponsive Hybrid Microparticles for Stimuli-Responsive Delivery of Bioactive Compounds

Version 1 : Received: 2 June 2020 / Approved: 3 June 2020 / Online: 3 June 2020 (08:53:12 CEST)

How to cite: Vlasov, S.; Postnikov, P.; Belousov, M.; Krivoshchekov, S.; Yusubov, M.; Guryev, A.; Di Martino, A. Multiresponsive Hybrid Microparticles for Stimuli-Responsive Delivery of Bioactive Compounds. Preprints 2020, 2020060014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0014.v1). Vlasov, S.; Postnikov, P.; Belousov, M.; Krivoshchekov, S.; Yusubov, M.; Guryev, A.; Di Martino, A. Multiresponsive Hybrid Microparticles for Stimuli-Responsive Delivery of Bioactive Compounds. Preprints 2020, 2020060014 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0014.v1).

Abstract

Hybrid microparticles based on an iron core and amphiphilic shell have been prepared to respond simultaneously to external (magnetic and ultrasounds field) and internal (pH) stimuli for delivery of the anticancer drug doxorubicin. The microparticles have been prepared in three main steps; including surface modification of the iron core followed by conjugation with the amphiphilic chitosan and drug loading. The particles demonstrate spherical shape and dimension in the range 1-3 m with tunable surface charge by changing the pH of surrounding environment. The microparticles demonstrate good stability in simulated physiological solutions and able to allocate up to 400 g of drug per mg of bare carrier. The response to ultrasound and the changes in the shell structure when exposed to different pH allows to control the doxorubicin release. In vitro cytotoxicity tests performed on fibloblast NIH/3T3 demonstrate a reduction in the cell viability when doxorubicin was administrated by microparticles compared to the free formulation; in particular when ultrasound were applied. The bare microparticles demonstrate cytocompatibility and hemocompatibility up to 50g/mL and 60 g/mL, respectively.

Subject Areas

Core-shell microparticles; ultrasound; amphiphilic polymer; magnetic microparticles; doxorubicin

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