Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Catalogue of Pests and Pathogens of Trees on the Island of Ireland

Version 1 : Received: 8 May 2020 / Approved: 10 May 2020 / Online: 10 May 2020 (14:48:23 CEST)

How to cite: O'Hanlon, R.; Ryan, C.; Choiseul, J.; Murchie, A.K.; Williams, C. Catalogue of Pests and Pathogens of Trees on the Island of Ireland. Preprints 2020, 2020050168 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0168.v1). O'Hanlon, R.; Ryan, C.; Choiseul, J.; Murchie, A.K.; Williams, C. Catalogue of Pests and Pathogens of Trees on the Island of Ireland. Preprints 2020, 2020050168 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0168.v1).

Abstract

Trees provide key ecosystem services, but the health and sustainability of these plants is under increasing biotic and abiotic threat, including from the growing incidences of non-native invasive plant pests (including pathogens). The island of Ireland (Ireland and Northern Ireland) is generally accepted to have a high plant health status, in part due to its island status and because of the national and international regulations aimed at protecting plant health. To establish a baseline of the current pest threats to tree health for the island of Ireland, the literature and unpublished sources were reviewed to produce a dataset of pests of trees on the island of Ireland. The dataset contains 396 records of pests of trees on the island of Ireland, the majority of pests being arthropods and fungi, and indicating potentially more than 44 non-native pest introductions. The reliability of many (378) of the records was judged to be high, therefore the dataset provides a robust assessment of the state of pests of trees recorded on the island of Ireland. We analyse this dataset and review the history of plant pest invasions, including (i) discussion on notable native and non-native pests of trees, (ii) pest interceptions at borders and (iii) pests and climate change. The dataset establishes an important baseline for the knowledge of plant pests on the island of Ireland, and will be a valuable resource for future plant health research and policy making.

Subject Areas

forest health; plant health; tree disease;

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