Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigations on Mechanical Properties of Lattice Structures with Different Values of Relative Density Made from 316L by Selective Laser Melting (SLM)

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2020 / Approved: 7 May 2020 / Online: 7 May 2020 (08:45:00 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Płatek, P.; Sienkiewicz, J.; Janiszewski, J.; Jiang, F. Investigations on Mechanical Properties of Lattice Structures with Different Values of Relative Density Made from 316L by Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Materials 2020, 13, 2204. Płatek, P.; Sienkiewicz, J.; Janiszewski, J.; Jiang, F. Investigations on Mechanical Properties of Lattice Structures with Different Values of Relative Density Made from 316L by Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Materials 2020, 13, 2204.

Journal reference: Materials 2020, 13, 2204
DOI: 10.3390/ma13092204

Abstract

Nine variants of regular lattice structures with different relative densities have been designed and successfully manufactured. The produced structures have been subjected to geometrical quality control, and the manufacturability of the implemented selective laser melting SLM technique has been assessed. It was found that the dimensions of the produced lattice struts differ from those of the designed struts. These deviations depend on the direction of geometrical evaluation. Additionally, the microstructures and phase compositions of the obtained structures were characterized and compared with those of conventionally produced 316L stainless steel. The microstructure analysis and X-Ray Diffraction XRD patterns revealed a single austenite phase in the SLM samples. Both a certain broadening and a displacement of the austenite peaks were observed due to residual stresses and a crystallographic texture induced by the SLM process. Furthermore, the mechanical behavior of the lattice structure material has been defined. It was demonstrated that under both quasi-static and dynamic testing, lattice structures with high relative densities are stretch-dominated, whereas those with low relative densities are bending-dominated. Moreover, the linear relationship between the energy absorption and relative density under dynamic loading conditions has been defined

Subject Areas

lattice structures; additive manufacturing; selective laser melting; powder bed fusion; energy absorption; dynamic compression; crashworthiness

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