Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Shape of Anterior-Posterior Spinal Curvatures and Body Composition in School-Children

Version 1 : Received: 10 April 2020 / Approved: 11 April 2020 / Online: 11 April 2020 (05:38:01 CEST)

How to cite: Wilczyński, J.; Lipińska-Stańczak, M. The Shape of Anterior-Posterior Spinal Curvatures and Body Composition in School-Children. Preprints 2020, 2020040176 Wilczyński, J.; Lipińska-Stańczak, M. The Shape of Anterior-Posterior Spinal Curvatures and Body Composition in School-Children. Preprints 2020, 2020040176

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between the shape of the anterior-posterior curvature of the spine and body composition in school-children. The study included 257 children, aged 11-12. Correct spinal curvature was established in 106 (41.08%) subjects. Other types included: decreased kyphosis and correct lordosis - 40 participants (15.50%), correct kyphosis and decreased lordosis - 24 individuals (9.30%), increased kyphosis and correct lordosis - 17 subjects (6.59%), correct kyphosis and increased lordosis - 22 children (8.53%), decreased kyphosis and decreased lordosis - 32 people (12.40%), decreased kyphosis and increased lordosis - 4 of the examined subjects (1.55%), increased kyphosis and lordosis - 13 people (5.04%). In addition, 134 (51.94%) demonstrated scoliotic posture and 8 (3.10%) scoliosis. There were significant relationships between the shape of the anterior-posterior curvatures and body composition in school-children. Those with a strong body build (predominance of mesomorphs) were generally characterised by the correct formation of these curvatures. In contrast, lean people (with the predominance of ectomorphic factors) were more likely to experience abnormalities. No correlations with body composition were observed in the group with scoliotic posture or scoliosis.

Subject Areas

body posture defects; the shape of anterior-posterior spinal curvatures; body composition; school-children

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