Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Using Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Wounds After Fasciotomy in Acute Compartment Syndrome - Retrospective Case Series Study

Version 1 : Received: 7 April 2020 / Approved: 8 April 2020 / Online: 8 April 2020 (04:50:32 CEST)

How to cite: Miszczuk, J.P.; Błońska-Staniec, M.; Michalska, A.; Stemplewski, B. Using Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Wounds After Fasciotomy in Acute Compartment Syndrome - Retrospective Case Series Study. Preprints 2020, 2020040117 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0117.v1). Miszczuk, J.P.; Błońska-Staniec, M.; Michalska, A.; Stemplewski, B. Using Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Wounds After Fasciotomy in Acute Compartment Syndrome - Retrospective Case Series Study. Preprints 2020, 2020040117 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0117.v1).

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an emergency condition of the lower limb in which prophylactic fasciotomy is required to prevent complications. A negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) used to the treatment of fasciotomy wounds provide beneficial clinical results. This study aimed to exchange the authors’ experience of using the NPWT installation system on the lower limb wounds after fasciotomy in ACS. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study enrolled consecutive patients with ACS, who underwent fasciotomy and was treated with the NPWT installation system at Department of Vascular Surgery, Provincial Hospital in Kielce from April 2016 to July 2017. Results: The study enrolled 15 patients with a diagnosis of ACS (87% men, mean age 65 years old). An open four-compartment fasciotomy (87%) or two-compartment fasciotomy (13%) was performed. The NPWT was applied on the first day after fasciotomy in 87% of patients. Therapy was initiated by the negative pressure of 125 mm Hg, which maintained at this level until the therapy was finalized. In 80% of patients, the vacuum-assisted wound closure (VAC) dressing changes were performed every 3 days. The first approximation of fasciotomy wounds margins occurred on the 4th day after surgery among 67% of individuals. The average time of using VAC on fasciotomy wounds was 9 days. The average time to definitive closure edges of fasciotomy wounds was 12 days. The average time of hospital stay was 17 days. Conclusions: Our experience indicates the legitimacy of using NPWT in wound treatment after fasciotomy in ACS. The NPWT enables faster primary closure of wounds, reduces edema, as well as decreases hospitalization time.

Subject Areas

acute compartment syndrome; negative pressure wound therapy; vacuum assisted wound closure; fasciotomy

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