Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Ion Acceleration in Multi-Fluid Plasma: Including Charge Separation induced Electric Field Effects in Supersonic Wave Layers

Version 1 : Received: 27 March 2020 / Approved: 29 March 2020 / Online: 29 March 2020 (06:53:25 CEST)

How to cite: Burrows, R. Ion Acceleration in Multi-Fluid Plasma: Including Charge Separation induced Electric Field Effects in Supersonic Wave Layers. Preprints 2020, 2020030426 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0426.v1). Burrows, R. Ion Acceleration in Multi-Fluid Plasma: Including Charge Separation induced Electric Field Effects in Supersonic Wave Layers. Preprints 2020, 2020030426 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0426.v1).

Abstract

The need to understand the process by which particles, including solar wind and coronal ions as well as pickup ions, are accelerated to high energies (ultimately to become anomalous cosmic rays) motivate a multi-fluid shock wave model which includes kinetic effects (e.g. ion acceleration) in an electromagnetically self-consistent framework. Particle reflection at the cross-shock potential leads to ion acceleration in the motional electric field and thus anisotropic heating and pressure in the shock layer, with important consequences for the multi-fluid dynamics. This motivates development of a multi-fluid model of solar wind electrons and ions treated as fluid, coupled self-consistently with a small population of kinetically treated ions (e.g. pickup ions.) Consideration of both the time dependent and steady state regimes, indicate that such a multi-fluid approach is necessary for resolving the, Debye scale, particle reflecting cross-shock potential and subsequent dynamics. To study charge separation effects in narrow, supersonic wave layers we consider a reduction of the system to the steady state for cold ions and hot electrons and find two types of solitary waves inherent to the reduced two-fluid system in this limiting case.

Subject Areas

solitons; electrostatic solitary waves; pickup ions; perpendicular shock waves; multi-fluid plasma

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