This version is not peer-reviewed
Clinical Pathology of Critical Patient with Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (COVID-19)
: Received: 26 February 2020 / Approved: 27 February 2020 / Online: 27 February 2020 (12:30:45 CET)
: Received: 27 February 2020 / Approved: 27 February 2020 / Online: 27 February 2020 (16:06:23 CET)
: Received: 29 February 2020 / Approved: 2 March 2020 / Online: 2 March 2020 (15:32:55 CET)
: Received: 9 March 2020 / Approved: 9 March 2020 / Online: 9 March 2020 (10:31:10 CET)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: Transplantation 2020
Background Critical patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia ( COVID-19) have worse outcome and high mortality. However, the histopathology of critical patient with COVID-19 remains undisclosed. Methods We performed the whole lung biopsy, and described the pathological changes of critical COVID-19 patient done with transplant by HE staining, immunohistochemistry and special staining observed under the microscopy. Findings The whole lungs displayed diffuse congestive appearance and partly haemorrhagic necrosis on gross examination. The haemorrhagic necrosis was prominently present in outer edge of the right lower lung. The cut surfaces of the lung displayed severe congestive and haemorrhagic changes. The main pathological changes showed massive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, and partly hyaline degeneration, variable degrees of hemorrhagic pulmonary infarction. Small vessels hyperplasia, vessel wall thickening, lumen stenosis, occlusion and microthrombosis formation. Focal monocytes, lymphocytes and plasma cells infiltrating into pulmonary interstitium. Bronchiolitis and alveolitis with proliferation, atrophy, desquamation and squamous metaplasia of epithelial cells. Atrophy, vacuolar degeneration, proliferation, desquamation and squamous metaplasia in alveolar epithelial cells. Alveolar cavity congestion was prominent, and contained mucus, edema fluid, desquamated epithelial cells, and inflammatory cells. We also found several multinucleate giant cells and intracytoplasmic viral inclusion bodies. Special stains including Masson stain, sirius red staining, reticular fibers staining indicated massive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry showed positive for immunity cells including CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD79a, CD5, CD38 and CD68. Interpretation We demonstrate the pathological findings of critical patient with COVID-19, which might provide a deep insight of the pathogenesis and severity of this disease.
Novel coronavirus pneumonia; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; Pathology; Critical patient
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