Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Drivers and Barriers for Successful Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Case of SEZs under China Pakistan Economic Corridor

Version 1 : Received: 12 February 2020 / Approved: 13 February 2020 / Online: 13 February 2020 (10:10:33 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Naeem, S.; Waheed, A.; Khan, M.N. Drivers and Barriers for Successful Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Case of SEZs under China Pakistan Economic Corridor. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4675. Naeem, S.; Waheed, A.; Khan, M.N. Drivers and Barriers for Successful Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Case of SEZs under China Pakistan Economic Corridor. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4675.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 4675
DOI: 10.3390/su12114675

Abstract

Over the last three decades, special economic zones (SEZs) have given new impetus to the ever-growing export-oriented industrialization in developing countries. Where various economies have benefited from SEZs, many zones have ended up becoming enclaves with trifling advantage. The SEZs in Pakistan have experienced the same fate and failed to contribute to exports, employment and creating linkages with the domestic economy. Recently under China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), SEZs are proposed to be set up in Pakistan; with a hope to fuel the stuttering economy. However, it is pertinent to first understand the local context and device policies considering stakeholders' perspectives. This study aims to identify the factors for the successful implementation of SEZs derived from the regional context of Pakistan. In-depth interviews are conducted from most relevant stakeholders, who have been involved in the development of SEZs. The results pointed towards the removal of political influence over zones and government taking the lead role in deciding the types of industry to be invited in these zones. Each zone should have a clear vision of development based on its regional advantage. The zone promotions should be based on competitiveness rather than fiscal incentives. Joint ventures and PPP to be encouraged inside the zones for sustainable operations.

Subject Areas

Special Economic Zones; Small Medium Enterprises; Joint Ventures; Export Lead Industrialization; Developing Economies; Industrial Clusters

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