Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

CCL11 or Eotaxin-1: An Immune Marker for Ageing and Accelerated Ageing in Neuro-psychiatric Disorders

Version 1 : Received: 29 January 2020 / Approved: 30 January 2020 / Online: 30 January 2020 (14:42:45 CET)

How to cite: Ivanovska, M.; Abdi, Z.; Murdjeva, M.; Macedo, D.; Maes, A.; Maes, M. CCL11 or Eotaxin-1: An Immune Marker for Ageing and Accelerated Ageing in Neuro-psychiatric Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020010370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0370.v1). Ivanovska, M.; Abdi, Z.; Murdjeva, M.; Macedo, D.; Maes, A.; Maes, M. CCL11 or Eotaxin-1: An Immune Marker for Ageing and Accelerated Ageing in Neuro-psychiatric Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020010370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0370.v1).

Abstract

Background: CCL11 (eotaxin) is a chemokine with an important role in allergic conditions. Recent evidence indicates that CCL11 plays a role in brain disorders as well. Aims: This paper reviews the associations between CCL11 and aging, neurodegenerative, neuroinflammatory and neuropsychiatric disorders.Methods: Electronic databases were searched for original articles examining CCL11 in neuropsychiatric disorders.Results: CCL11 is rapidly transported from the blood to the brain through the brain-blood barrier. Age-related increases in CCL11 are associated with cognitive impairments in executive functions, episodic and semantic memory and, therefore, this chemokine was described as an “endogenous cognition deteriorating chemokine” (ECDC) or “accelerated brain-aging chemokine” (ABAC). In schizophrenia, increased CCL11 is not only associated with impairments in cognitive functions, but also with key symptoms including formal thought disorders. Some patients with mood disorders and premenstrual syndrome show increased plasma CCL11 levels. In diseases of old age, CCL11 is associated with lowered neurogenesis and neurodegenerative processes and, as a consequence, increased CCL11 increases risk towards Alzheimer's Disease. Polymorphisms in the CCL11 gene are associated with stroke. Increased CCL11 also plays a role in neuroinflammatory disease including multiple sclerosis. In animal models, neutralization of CCL11 may protect against nigrostriatal neurodegeneration. Increased production of CCL11 may be attenuated by glucocorticoids, minocycline, resveratrol and anti-CCL11 antibodies.Conclusion: Increased CCL11 production during inflammatory conditions may play a role in human disease including age-related cognitive decline, schizophrenia, mood disorders and neurodegenerative disorders. Increased CCL11 production is a new drug target in the treatment and prevention of those disorders.

Subject Areas

eotaxin; immune marker; neuroinflammation; ageing; neuro-psychiatric disorder

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