Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Location-Aware Distributed Clustering with Eliminating GPS in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks

Version 1 : Received: 28 January 2020 / Approved: 30 January 2020 / Online: 30 January 2020 (12:10:04 CET)

How to cite: Beheshti, S.; Adabi, S.; Rezaee, A. Location-Aware Distributed Clustering with Eliminating GPS in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. Preprints 2020, 2020010367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0367.v1). Beheshti, S.; Adabi, S.; Rezaee, A. Location-Aware Distributed Clustering with Eliminating GPS in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. Preprints 2020, 2020010367 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0367.v1).

Abstract

Vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) is a type of mobile network which is used for establishing connection between vehicles (M2M) and also between vehicles and nearby stationary equipment which are often road-side equipment. The main target of VANET is to provide security and convenience for the passengers. In order to achieve this goal, a special electronic device called OBU (On-Board Unit) is embedded in each vehicle which makes the connection between vehicles and between the vehicles and the road-side equipment possible. In this paper, the Location-Aware Clustering in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (LAC-VANET) is proposed. We try to achieve the main and major goal in VANET networks, i.e. fast propagation of security and urgent messages in ITS systems, using clustering and selecting the best cluster head based on Fuzzy logic such that the cluster head can transfer important information such as the obstacles and accidents detected on the road with a suitable speed and without creating a large traffic load in the vehicle network in order to notify other vehicles and prevent the danger and vehicle accidents. Moreover, LAC-VANET method is evaluated here via extensive simulations carried out in NS-2. The simulation results indicate that the VANET network performance metrics are improved in terms of average throughput, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), end to end delay, and packet loss rate.

Subject Areas

Vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET); M2M; Fuzzy logic; ITS; LAC-VANET

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