Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study on Reduction of Copper Smelting Slag by Carbon for Recycling into Metal Values and Cement Raw Material

Version 1 : Received: 16 January 2020 / Approved: 17 January 2020 / Online: 17 January 2020 (04:32:53 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Wang, J.-P.; Erdenebold, U. A Study on Reduction of Copper Smelting Slag by Carbon for Recycling into Metal Values and Cement Raw Material. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1421. Wang, J.-P.; Erdenebold, U. A Study on Reduction of Copper Smelting Slag by Carbon for Recycling into Metal Values and Cement Raw Material. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1421.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 1421
DOI: 10.3390/su12041421

Abstract

Copper smelting slag is a solution of molten oxides created during the copper smelting and refining process, and about 1.5 million tons of copper slag is generated annually in Korea. Oxides in copper smelting slag include ferrous (FeO), ferric oxide (Fe­2O3), silica (SiO­2 from flux), alumina (AI2O3), calcia (CaO) and magnesia (MgO). Main oxides in copper slag, which iron oxide and silica, exist in the form of fayalite (2FeO·SiO2). Since the copper smelting slag contains high content of iron, and copper and zinc. Common applications of copper smelting slag are the value added products such as abrasive tools, roofing granules, road-base construction, railroad ballast, fine aggregate in concrete, etc., as well as the some studies have attempted to recover metal values from copper slag. This research was intended to recovery Fe-Cu alloy, raw material of zinc and produce reformed slag like a blast furnace slag for blast furnace slag cement from copper slag. As a results, it was confirmed that reduction smelting by carbon at temperatures above 1400°С is possible to recover pig iron containing copper from copper smelting slag, and CaO additives in the reduction smelting assist to reduce iron oxide in the fayalite and change the chemical and mineralogical composition of the slag. Copper oxide in the slag can be easily reduced and dissolved in the molten pig iron, and zinc oxide is also reduced to a volatile zinc, which is removed from the furnace as the fumes, by carbon during reduction process. When CaO addition is above 5wt.%, acid slag has been completely transformed to calcium silicate slag and observed like blast furnace slag.

Subject Areas

copper smelting slag; pig iron; fayalite; recovery

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