Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Appraisal of Genetics and Heterosis of Important Traits in Chilli Pepper Cultivated under the Influence of Chilli Leaf Curl Virus Disease

Version 1 : Received: 31 December 2019 / Approved: 31 December 2019 / Online: 31 December 2019 (16:11:30 CET)

How to cite: S, V.; I, S.; M, R.; Kaushik, P. Appraisal of Genetics and Heterosis of Important Traits in Chilli Pepper Cultivated under the Influence of Chilli Leaf Curl Virus Disease. Preprints 2019, 2019120415 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0415.v1). S, V.; I, S.; M, R.; Kaushik, P. Appraisal of Genetics and Heterosis of Important Traits in Chilli Pepper Cultivated under the Influence of Chilli Leaf Curl Virus Disease. Preprints 2019, 2019120415 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0415.v1).

Abstract

Chilli leaf curl virus (ChiLCV) is a severe threat to the successful cultivation of the chilli peppers. Besides, the genetics and heterosis for important traits under the influence of ChiLCV infestation is not well studied. Therefore here, were crossed seven genotypes (lines) with high yield and quality attributes with four highly resistant genotypes (testers) in a line (L) × tester (T) mating design to produce 28 F1 hybrids. Parents and their hybrids were evaluated for yield attributes and ChiLCV resistance. All the four testers were symptomless and among seven lines, two were moderately resistant and five were moderately susceptible to the ChiLCV. Among 28 F1 hybrids, 12 showed a moderate resistant reaction, 11 were moderately susceptible and five susceptible to the ChiLCV disease. Based on per se performance, most promising hybrid combinations were L3 × T2, L6 × T1, and L3 × T1 for yield attributes. Whereas the superior crosses for ChiLCV resistance based on heterobeltosis, standard heterosis and specific combining ability test (SCA) effects were L6 × T1 and L7 × T3. Lines and testers showed significant differences for all the characters except for the plant height. The general combining ability (GCA) effects for testers were significant for all the traits except for days to first harvest. The ratio of σ2GCA/σ2SCA indicated the predominance of non-additive gene effects in the inheritance of traits studied in this experiment. The contribution of lines was more compared to testers for all the characters except for primary branches plant-1. Overall, this study provides valuable information regarding the genetics and heterosis in chilli with respect to ChiLCV infestation

Subject Areas

chilli pepper; ChiLCV; GCA; SCA; Line × Tester

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