Bessonov, N.; Bocharov, G.; Meyerhans, A.; Popov, V.; Volpert, V. Nonlocal Reaction–Diffusion Model of Viral Evolution: Emergence of Virus Strains. Mathematics2020, 8, 117.
Bessonov, N.; Bocharov, G.; Meyerhans, A.; Popov, V.; Volpert, V. Nonlocal Reaction–Diffusion Model of Viral Evolution: Emergence of Virus Strains. Mathematics 2020, 8, 117.
The work is devoted to the investigation of virus quasispecies evolution and diversification due to mutations, competition for host cells, and cross-reactive immune responses. The model consists of a nonlocal reaction-diffusion equation for the virus density depending on the genotype considered as a continuous variable and on time. This equation contains two integral terms corresponding to the nonlocal effects of virus interaction with host cells and with immune cells. In the model, a virus strain is represented by a localized solution concentrated around some given genotype. Emergence of new strains corresponds to a periodic wave propagating in the space of genotypes. The conditions of appearance of such waves and their dynamics are described.
virus density distribution; genotype; virus infection; immune response; resistance to treatment; nonlocal interaction; quasispecies diversification
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