Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Differential Responses of Blood Essential Amino Acid Levels Following Ingestion of High Quality Plant-Based Protein Blends Compared to Whey Protein - A Double-Blind Randomized, Cross-Over, Clinical Trial

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2019 / Approved: 16 November 2019 / Online: 16 November 2019 (00:58:01 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Brennan, J.L.; Keerati-u-rai, M.; Yin, H.; Daoust, J.; Nonnotte, E.; Quinquis, L.; St-Denis, T.; Bolster, D.R. Differential Responses of Blood Essential Amino Acid Levels Following Ingestion of High-Quality Plant-Based Protein Blends Compared to Whey Protein—A Double-Blind Randomized, Cross-Over, Clinical Trial. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2987. Brennan, J.L.; Keerati-u-rai, M.; Yin, H.; Daoust, J.; Nonnotte, E.; Quinquis, L.; St-Denis, T.; Bolster, D.R. Differential Responses of Blood Essential Amino Acid Levels Following Ingestion of High-Quality Plant-Based Protein Blends Compared to Whey Protein—A Double-Blind Randomized, Cross-Over, Clinical Trial. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2987.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2019, 11, 2987
DOI: 10.3390/nu11122987

Abstract

This study assessed bio-equivalence of high-quality, plant-based protein blends versus Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) in healthy, resistance-trained men. The primary endpoint was incremental area under the curve (iAUC) of blood essential Amino Acids (eAAs) 4 hours after consumption of each product. Cmax and Tmax of blood leucine were secondary outcomes. Subjects (n=18) consumed three plant-based protein blends and WPI (control). Analysis of Variance model was used to assess for bio-equivalence of total sum of blood eAA concentrations. The total blood eAA iAUC ratios of the three blends were: [90% CI]: #1: 0.66 [0.58-0.76]; #2: 0.71 [0.62-0.82]; #3: 0.60 [0.52-0.69], not completely within the pre-defined equivalence range [0.80-1.25], indicative of 30-40% lower iAUC versus WPI. Leucine Cmax of the three blends was not equivalent to WPI, #1: 0.70 [0.67-0.73]; #2: 0.72 [0.68-0.75]; #3: 0.65 [0.62 – 0.68], indicative of a 28-35% lower response. Leucine Tmax for two blends were similar to WPI (#1: 0.94 [0.73-1.18]; #2: 1.56 [1.28-1.92]; #3: 1.19 [0.95-1.48]). The plant-based protein blends were not bio-equivalent. However, blood leucine kinetic data across the blends approximately doubled from fasting concentrations whereas blood Tmax data across two blends was similar to WPI. This suggests evidence of rapid hyperleucinemia, which correlates with a protein’s anabolic potential.

Subject Areas

protein; plant-based protein; whey protein; essential amino acids; leucine, healthy men

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