Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2019 / Approved: 15 November 2019 / Online: 15 November 2019 (16:53:02 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 20 November 2019 / Approved: 20 November 2019 / Online: 20 November 2019 (11:20:52 CET)

How to cite: Rezayee, M.; Ling, G.H.T.; Misnan, S.H. Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan. Preprints 2019, 2019110183 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0183.v2). Rezayee, M.; Ling, G.H.T.; Misnan, S.H. Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan. Preprints 2019, 2019110183 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0183.v2).

Abstract

Abstract: Afghanistan witnessed rapid urbanization in recent decades due to the post-war recovery process. When the war ended in 2001 by fall of Taliban regime, most Afghans refugees returned to urban areas of Afghanistan, especially in Kabul city. Moreover, the rapid urbanization, migration from rural areas, and population growth impacted on Kabul city with the manifestation of informal settlement. The residents of informal settlements suffer social and economic exclusion from the benefit and opportunity of an urban environment. Furthermore, the residents of informal settlements experience disadvantages by geographical marginalization, shortage of basic infrastructure, improper governance framework, vulnerability into the effect of poor environment, and natural disasters. With all the above, the problems of informal settlements are considered enormous challenges for informal residents. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the proper approaches to addressing informal settlement problems in District 13 of Kabul city. To reach the aim of the research, the interview and questionnaires survey used as an instrument in data collection. Consequently, the finding of this paper indicates that through the resident’s preferences, government capacity, and District 13 physical condition there are three approaches which can be implemented and adopted for improvement of informal settlement in District 13 of Kabul city, which is settlement upgrading as the first option, the land readjustment as the second option and urban redevelopment as the last option.

Subject Areas

informal settlement; sustainable neighborhood; approaches; district 13 of Kabul city Afghanistan

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 20 November 2019
Commenter: Maqsood Rezayee
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Changed main text and abstract.
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