Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan.

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2019 / Approved: 15 November 2019 / Online: 15 November 2019 (16:53:02 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 20 November 2019 / Approved: 20 November 2019 / Online: 20 November 2019 (11:20:52 CET)

How to cite: Rezayee, M.; Ling, G.H.T.; Misnan, S.H. Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan.. Preprints 2019, 2019110183 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0183.v1). Rezayee, M.; Ling, G.H.T.; Misnan, S.H. Approaches to Addressing Informal Settlement Problems: A Case Study of District 13 in the Kabul city, Afghanistan.. Preprints 2019, 2019110183 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0183.v1).

Abstract

Afghanistan witnessed rapid urbanization in recent decades due to the post-war recovery process. When the war ended in 2001 by fall of Taliban regime, most Afghans refugees returned to urban areas of Afghanistan, especially in Kabul city. Moreover, the rapid urbanization, migration from rural areas, and population growth impacted on Kabul city with the manifestation of informal settlement. It is acknowledged that the residents of informal settlements suffer social, spatial, and economic exclusion from the benefit and opportunity of an urban environment. Furthermore, the residents of informal settlements experience disadvantages by geographical marginalization, shortage of basic infrastructure, improper governance framework, vulnerability into the effect of poor environment, and natural disaster. With all the above, the problems of informal settlements are considered challenges for and informal residents. Thus, it is a dire need to tackle and overcome problems of informal settlements. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the most proper approaches to addressing informal settlement problems in District13 of Kabul city. In order to reach this aim, interviews and a questionnaire survey have been conducted with government officials and local inhabitants. And the finding of this paper indicates that through the resident’s preferences, government capacity, and District 13 physical condition there are three approaches which can be implemented and adopted for improvement of informal settlement in District 13 of Kabul city, which is settlement upgrading as the first option, the land readjustment as the second option and urban redevelopment as the last option.

Subject Areas

informal settlement; sustainable neighborhood; approaches; district 13 of Kabul city Afghanistan.

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