Vicente, E.D.; Vicente, A.; Nunes, T.; Calvo, A.; del Blanco-Alegre, C.; Oduber, F.; Castro, A.; Fraile, R.; Amato, F.; Alves, C. Household Dust: Loadings and PM10-Bound Plasticizers and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Atmosphere2019, 10, 785.
Vicente, E.D.; Vicente, A.; Nunes, T.; Calvo, A.; del Blanco-Alegre, C.; Oduber, F.; Castro, A.; Fraile, R.; Amato, F.; Alves, C. Household Dust: Loadings and PM10-Bound Plasticizers and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 785.
Residential dust is recognized as a major source of environmental contaminants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phthalic acid esters (PAEs). To characterize the thoracic dust fraction (PM10), a sampling campaign was carried out with an in-situ resuspension chamber in three rooms (kitchen, living room and bedroom) of four Spanish houses. Two samples per room were collected with, at least, a one-week interval. The PM10 samples were analyzed for their carbonaceous content by a thermo-optical technique and, after solvent extraction, for 20 PAHs, 8 phthalate plasticizers (PAEs) and one non-phthalate plasticizer (DEHA) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In general, higher dust loads were observed for parquet flooring compared with tile. The highest dust loads were obtained for rugs. Total carbon accounted for 9.3 to 51%wt of the PM10 mass. Plasticizer mass fractions varied from 5 µg g-1 to 17 mg g-1 PM10, whereas lower contributions were registered for PAHs (0.98–116 µg g-1). The plasticizer and PAH daily intakes for children and adults via dust ingestion were estimated to be 3–4 orders of magnitude higher than those via inhalation and dermal contact. Potential carcinogenic and negligible non-carcinogenic risks arising from exposure to PAHs were found.
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