Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Selection of Target Nutrients for the Nutritional Standards of School Lunches in Korea

Version 1 : Received: 21 October 2019 / Approved: 22 October 2019 / Online: 22 October 2019 (10:31:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kim, M.; Kim, D.; Yoon, J. Selection of Target Nutrients for the Nutritional Standards of School Lunches in Korea. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2578. Kim, M.; Kim, D.; Yoon, J. Selection of Target Nutrients for the Nutritional Standards of School Lunches in Korea. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2578.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2019, 11, 2578
DOI: 10.3390/nu11112578

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to select target nutrients to be included in the nutritional standards of school lunches in Korea. The dietary intake data of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Ⅵ were analyzed for eight groups based on gender and age (6-8, 9-11, 12-14, and 15-17 years old). First, the usual intake of the 3,091 subjects was estimated and assessed to identify nutrients with insufficient or excessive intake prevalence. Along with the nutrients identified by the assessment, the energy and nutrients prioritized in the meal planning procedure of the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans were the initial candidates: energy, the percentages of energy from carbohydrates, protein, and fat, vitamin A, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and iron. Phosphorus was excluded due to little evidence of clinical symptoms caused by insufficient intake. Sodium was excluded because reliable data on added salt were not available among the school lunch recipes in Korea. Therefore, energy, the percentages of energy from carbohydrates, protein, and fat, vitamin A, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, calcium, and iron were selected to be included in the nutritional standards of school lunches in Korea.

Subject Areas

nhanes; foodservice; nutrition assessment; dietary reference intakes; school lunch program

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