Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Climate Change and Farmer’s Adaptative Practices in Paddy Production: Evidence Of Rural Hilly Nepal

Version 1 : Received: 3 October 2019 / Approved: 4 October 2019 / Online: 4 October 2019 (11:59:07 CEST)

How to cite: Bista, R. Climate Change and Farmer’s Adaptative Practices in Paddy Production: Evidence Of Rural Hilly Nepal. Preprints 2019, 2019100053 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0053.v1). Bista, R. Climate Change and Farmer’s Adaptative Practices in Paddy Production: Evidence Of Rural Hilly Nepal. Preprints 2019, 2019100053 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0053.v1).

Abstract

Climate change is a buzzword in the world. Scientist has approved it as global warming with its projection of undesired and unpredicted frequent extreme events and their vulnerabilities not only at present but also at future. There is an assumption of occurrence of adaptive capacity and behavior of farmers in agriculture production activity at some extent to neutralize climate change vulnerabilities of flood and landslides on paddy production. This paper empirically examines the effects of climate change in paddy production and farmer’s adaptive behaviors to neutralize such climatic shocks and events in paddy production by employing CD production function based econometric model. The study employed primary data collected through 642 household surveys. The study finds that climatic shocks and events have huge loss (60%) in paddy production and revenue income in such plot where farmers have not indigenous knowledge and practices. But both small and larger farmers who have adaptive capacity and behavior with their indigenous knowledge have less loss in paddy production and revenue income, although they have heterogeneity in their socio-economic characteristics (income, asset holding, literacy, experience, land holding and age). The farmers who have used adaptive behavior have indigenous knowledge and experiences including bamboo wall construction to control flood and landslides and seed change to resist climatic shocks and events. In hilly region, the farmers have not sufficient alternative measures, except both adaptive measures because of their poverty, illiteracy and remote locations. The study finds their higher effective level to minimize vulnerabilities to paddy production and revenue per farm plot, although these adaptive behaviors are cost effective and local entity. Comparatively, bamboo wall construction is more effective measure in the paddy production than others are (seed switch) to minimize the flooding materials from the flood and the landslides. Thus, low cost indigenous adaption behavior of farmers is effective measure to climate change and climate change induced disasters and events vulnerability in paddy production.

Subject Areas

Climate Change; Adaptative Practice; Paddy Production; Rural Hilly Nepal

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