Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Character of Urban Japan: Overview of Osaka-Kobe’s Cityscapes

Version 1 : Received: 3 October 2019 / Approved: 4 October 2019 / Online: 4 October 2019 (11:52:16 CEST)

How to cite: Perez, J.; Araldi, A.; Fusco, G.; Fuse, T. The Character of Urban Japan: Overview of Osaka-Kobe’s Cityscapes. Preprints 2019, 2019100051 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0051.v1). Perez, J.; Araldi, A.; Fusco, G.; Fuse, T. The Character of Urban Japan: Overview of Osaka-Kobe’s Cityscapes. Preprints 2019, 2019100051 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0051.v1).

Abstract

The Japanese city presents a certain number of peculiarities in the organization of its physical space (weak zoning regulations, fast piecemeal destruction/reconstruction of buildings and blocks, high compacity, incremental reorganization). Compared to countries where urban fabrics are more perennial and easily distinguishable (old centers, modern planned projects, residential areas, etc.), in Japanese metropolitan areas we often observe higher heterogeneity and more complex spatial patterns. Even within such a model, it should be possible to recognize the internal organization of the physical city. The aim of this paper is thus to study the spatial structure of the contemporary Japanese city, generalizing on the case study of Osaka and Kobe. In order to achieve this goal, we will need to identify urban forms at different local scales (building types, urban fabrics) and to analyze them at a wider scale to delineate morphological regions and their structuring of the overall layout of the contemporary Japanese city. Several analytical protocols are used together with field observations and literature. The results, and more particularly the building and urban fabrics types and their location within the Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area, are interpreted in the light of Japanese history and model of urbanization. A synoptic graphical model of an urban morphological structure based upon Osaka is produced and proposed as an interpretative pattern for the Japanese metropolitan city in general.

Subject Areas

urban structure; urban form; urban fabric; Japan; Osaka

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