Preprint Brief Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Crosstalk Between Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and The Unfolded Protein Response During ZIKA Virus Infection

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2019 / Approved: 2 October 2019 / Online: 2 October 2019 (08:28:09 CEST)

How to cite: Turpin, J.; Frumence, E.; Harrabi, W.; Kalamouni, C.E.; Desprès, P.; Krejbich-Trotot, P.; Viranaïcken, W. Crosstalk Between Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and The Unfolded Protein Response During ZIKA Virus Infection. Preprints 2019, 2019100024 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0024.v1). Turpin, J.; Frumence, E.; Harrabi, W.; Kalamouni, C.E.; Desprès, P.; Krejbich-Trotot, P.; Viranaïcken, W. Crosstalk Between Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and The Unfolded Protein Response During ZIKA Virus Infection. Preprints 2019, 2019100024 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0024.v1).

Abstract

Flaviviruses replicate in membranous factories associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The replication rate generates a high polyprotein integration that can contribute to ER stress. Therefore, the host cell can develop an Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) to this protein accumulation which will stimulate appropriate cellular responses in the infectious context (Adaptation, autophagy or cell death). These different stress responses can help to overcome the virus and usually support antiviral strategies initiated by infected cells. In the present study, we investigated the capacity of ZIKA virus (ZIKV) to induce ER stress in epithelial A549 cells with a special focus on the causal factors behind it. We observed that the cells respond to ZIKV infection by implementing an UPR through activation of the IRE1 and PERK pathway but surprisingly without activation of the ATF6 branch. When we examined the effects of modulating the ER stress response we found that UPR inducers significantly inhibit ZIKV replication. Interestingly, our findings provide evidence that ZIKV can altered the UPR in order to escape to the host cell defense system.

Subject Areas

ZIKA virus; ER stress; Unfolded Protein Response; ATF6

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