Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Physical and Chemical Properties of the Slate Aggregate

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2019 / Approved: 2 October 2019 / Online: 2 October 2019 (06:28:03 CEST)

How to cite: Radanliev, P. Physical and Chemical Properties of the Slate Aggregate. Preprints 2019, 2019100022. Radanliev, P. Physical and Chemical Properties of the Slate Aggregate. Preprints 2019, 2019100022.


The slate aggregate has long been perceived as a substandard, low quality waste material with its physical and chemical properties not being competitive with those of the primary aggregates. It is assumed that the slate aggregate particles are not strong, that is not durable and will not compact. This research aims to address those claims and review the available literature on the performance of the slate aggregate. The review inaugurates by analysing the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of slate, before expanding into a literature review of laboratory testing’s on the effect of moisture content on density, compaction and layer thickness of slate aggregate.The paper reviews case studies of construction projects in North Wales, where the slate aggregate has been used for general fill and road building for many years. Some of the case studies include the A55 coastal road and duelling of the A5 in Anglesey (WRAP, 2004), where slate aggregate was successfully used as sub-base. The paper also investigates why many civil engineers are reluctant to use the slate aggregate and regard the material as sub-standard, flaky aggregate. The research paper reviews the potential usages and various products the slate aggregate is suitable for and satisfies the requested standards. The final topic reviewed is the cost of transporting slate aggregate compared with the cost of transport for primary aggregate and the introduction of the Primary Aggregates Tax (Parliament of the United Kingdom, 2011). The last topic includes a critical analyses of the claims that the slate aggregate a commercially viable construction material despite its remote location (Woodward et al, 2004). The transportation cost and the supply chain complexities must be evaluated prior to considering the long-term sustainability of the product (Radanliev et al1-6, 2014, 2015, 2016).


North Wales; slate mining industry; slate aggregate; secondary aggregate; transportation cost; low quality waste material; physical and chemical properties


Chemistry and Materials Science, Physical Chemistry

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