Soltysiak, M.P.M.; Meaney, R.S.; Hamadache, S.; Janakirama, P.; Edgell, D.R.; Karas, B.J. Trans-Kingdom Conjugation within Solid Media from Escherichia coli to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2019, 20, 5212.
Soltysiak, M.P.M.; Meaney, R.S.; Hamadache, S.; Janakirama, P.; Edgell, D.R.; Karas, B.J. Trans-Kingdom Conjugation within Solid Media from Escherichia coli to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 5212.
Conjugation is a bacterial mechanism for DNA transfer from a donor cell to a wide range of recipients, including both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In contrast to conventional DNA delivery techniques, such as electroporation and chemical transformation, conjugation eliminates the need for DNA extraction, thereby preventing DNA damage during isolation. While most established conjugation protocols allow for DNA transfer in liquid media or on a solid surface, we developed a procedure for conjugation within solid media. Such a protocol may expand conjugation as a tool for DNA transfer to species that require semi-solid or solid media for growth. Conjugation within solid media could also provide a more stable microenvironment in which the conjugative pilus can establish and maintain contact with recipient cells for the successful delivery of plasmid DNA. Furthermore, transfer in solid media may enhance the ability to transfer plasmids and chromosomes greater than 100 kbp. Using our optimized method, plasmids of varying sizes were tested for transfer from E. coli to S. cerevisiae. We demonstrated that there was no substantial decrease in conjugation frequency as plasmid size increased—up to 138.5 kbp in length. Finally, we established an efficient PCR-based synthesis protocol to generate custom conjugative plasmids
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