Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigation of Failure Mechanism of Lungchok Landslide, Sikkim (India)

Version 1 : Received: 21 August 2019 / Approved: 22 August 2019 / Online: 22 August 2019 (10:45:22 CEST)

How to cite: Ganta, N.R.; Satyam, N. Investigation of Failure Mechanism of Lungchok Landslide, Sikkim (India). Preprints 2019, 2019080230 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0230.v1). Ganta, N.R.; Satyam, N. Investigation of Failure Mechanism of Lungchok Landslide, Sikkim (India). Preprints 2019, 2019080230 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0230.v1).

Abstract

Globally 30% of landslides occur in the northeastern part of India [1]. One of the major earthquake events in Sikkim, India occurred on 18th September 2011 (Mw 6.9) led to over 300 landslides and 122 human deaths [2]. These landslides not only controlled by natural disasters but initiated due to human activities. The present study considered Lungchok landslide occurred in south district of Sikkim due to 2011 seismic event. The study focused on the failure mechanism of the landslide based on finite element analysis by adopting eight different cases. The deformation characteristic was investigated for dry and saturated slope conditions under static and dynamic behavior considering vehicle loads using GeoStudio software. The FEM analysis has been carried out using load deformation and linear elastic. The analysis shows that the failure of the slope was not sudden due to the 2011 earthquake event, but progressive failure was observed with time and construction activity. The paper demonstrates that, an increase in infrastructure development including construction by hill cutting increased the initiation of landslide with soil erosion. The cracks developed after 2011 earthquake event led to further deformations during future disasters required effective stabilization measures.

Subject Areas

finite element method; earthquake induced landslide; static and dynamic analysis; deformation based failure

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