Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Revelation of Children and Adult’s Food Allergen in Malaysia

Version 1 : Received: 4 July 2019 / Approved: 8 July 2019 / Online: 8 July 2019 (14:32:18 CEST)

How to cite: Din, N.; Rashid, B.; Ramli, K.I.; Mansor, N.A.; Abdullah, D. Revelation of Children and Adult’s Food Allergen in Malaysia. Preprints 2019, 2019070122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0122.v1). Din, N.; Rashid, B.; Ramli, K.I.; Mansor, N.A.; Abdullah, D. Revelation of Children and Adult’s Food Allergen in Malaysia. Preprints 2019, 2019070122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0122.v1).

Abstract

Food allergy has been recognised by the World Health Organisation as a chronic disease that could lead to fatality. The symptoms can mediate from mild to severe consequences. Some cases have reported that food allergy sufferers are bullied and are discriminated at workplace, thus increasing their stress level, apart from facing difficulty in consuming certain food due to allergy. This has an adverse effect on the quality of life amongst food allergy sufferers. Medical bills are increased when food allergy sufferers become unknowingly exposed to food allergen. Hence, this study investigated food allergens among food allergy sufferers in order to make their lives better. A total of 250 respondents participated in an online survey. Surprisingly, apart from chicken, soybean and other food allergens that have been listed under the Big Eight Allergens, the respondents mentioned some fruits that could trigger allergic reactions, such as rambutans and watermelons. Food allergy sufferers can be allergic to seafood and seafood products as well, such as shrimp paste or locally known as belacan, which refers to fermented shrimp paste cured under the sun. It is a common food ingredient used among Malaysians. The study findings offer practical insights, such as avoidance of food allergens amidst food allergy sufferers and help the government to carefully manage for menu planning. The knowledge contribution of this study reveals several specific food and fruits, as aforementioned, which appear to be common and nutritious food, yet harmful to food allergy sufferers.

Subject Areas

food allergy, food allergen, fruits, seafood, nut and milk

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