Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Molecular Docking Studies of a Cyclic Octapeptide-Cyclosaplin from Sandalwood

Version 1 : Received: 10 June 2019 / Approved: 11 June 2019 / Online: 11 June 2019 (09:45:07 CEST)

How to cite: Mishra, A.; Dey, S. Molecular Docking Studies of a Cyclic Octapeptide-Cyclosaplin from Sandalwood. Preprints 2019, 2019060091 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0091.v1). Mishra, A.; Dey, S. Molecular Docking Studies of a Cyclic Octapeptide-Cyclosaplin from Sandalwood. Preprints 2019, 2019060091 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0091.v1).

Abstract

Natural products from plants such as, chemopreventive agents attract huge attention because of their low toxicity and high specificity. The rational drug design in combination with structure based modeling and rapid screening methods offer significant potential for identifying and developing lead anticancer molecules. Thus, the molecular docking method plays an important role in screening a large set of molecules based on their free binding energies and proposes structural hypotheses of how the molecules can inhibit the target. Several peptide based therapeutics have been developed to combat several health disorders including cancers, metabolic disorders, heart-related, and infectious diseases. Despite the discovery of hundreds of such therapeutic peptides however, only few peptide-based drugs have made it to the market. Moreover, until date the activities of cyclic peptides towards molecular targets such as protein kinases, proteases, and apoptosis related proteins have never been explored. In this study we explore the in silico kinase and protease inhibitor potentials of cyclosaplin as well as study the interactions of cyclosaplin with other cancer-related proteins. Previously, the structure of cyclosaplin was elucidated by molecular modeling associated with dynamics that was used in the current study. Docking studies showed strong affinity of cyclosaplin towards cancer-related proteins. The binding affinity closer to 10 indicated efficient binding. Cyclosaplin showed strong binding affinities towards protein kinases such as EGFR, VEGFR2, PKB and p38 indicating its potential role in protein kinase inhibition. Moreover, it displayed strong binding affinity to apoptosis related proteins and revealed the possible role of cyclosaplin in apoptotic cell death. The protein-ligand interactions using LigPlot displayed some similar interactions between cyclosaplin and peptide-based ligands especially in case of protein kinases and a few apoptosis related proteins. Thus, the in silico analyses gave an insight of cyclosaplin as a potential apoptosis inducer and protein kinase inhibitor.

Subject Areas

apoptosis; cyclosaplin; molecular docking; protein kinases; Sandalwood

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