Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Optimization of Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction of Total Phenolics from Citrus aurantium L. Blossoms and Evaluation of Free Radical Scavenging, Anti-HMG-CoA Reductase Activities

Version 1 : Received: 9 May 2019 / Approved: 10 May 2019 / Online: 10 May 2019 (14:41:59 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hao, K.; Hu, W.; Hou, M.; Cao, D.; Wang, Y.; Guan, Q.; Zhang, X.; Wang, A.; Yu, J.; Guo, B. Optimization of Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction of Total Phenolics from Citrus aurantium L. Blossoms and Evaluation of Free Radical Scavenging, Anti-HMG-CoA Reductase Activities. Molecules 2019, 24, 2368. Hao, K.; Hu, W.; Hou, M.; Cao, D.; Wang, Y.; Guan, Q.; Zhang, X.; Wang, A.; Yu, J.; Guo, B. Optimization of Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction of Total Phenolics from Citrus aurantium L. Blossoms and Evaluation of Free Radical Scavenging, Anti-HMG-CoA Reductase Activities. Molecules 2019, 24, 2368.

Journal reference: Molecules 2019, 24, 2368
DOI: 10.3390/molecules24132368

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop an ultrasonic-assisted procedure for the extraction of total phenolics from Citrus aurantium L. blossoms (CAB) and evaluate the free radical scavenging activity, anti-HMG-CoA reductase activity of total phenolics. In this work, a Box-Behnken design based on the single-factor experiments was used to explore the optimum extraction process. Under the optimum conditions (extraction solvent 70.31% ethanol, extraction temperature 61.94 °C, extraction time 51.73 min and liquid-to-solid ratio 35.63 mL/g), the extraction yield of total phenolics was 95.84 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g dry matter (DM), which was highly consistent with the theoretical value (96.12 mg GAE/g DM). The total phenolic extract showed excellent free radical scavenging properties against DPPH·, ABTS+·, ·OH and ·O2-, with the IC50 values of 197.007, 83.878, 218.643 and 158.885 μg/mL, respectively, and the extracts also showed good inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase activity, with the IC50 value of 117.165 μg/mL. Total phenolics from CAB could be a potential source of natural free radical scavenger and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor.

Subject Areas

Citrus aurantium L. blossoms; total phenolics; ultrasonic-assisted extraction; Box-Behnken design; free radical scavenging activity; anti-HMG-CoA reductase activity

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