Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Chitin and Chitosans: Characteristics, Eco-Friendly Processes and Applications in Cosmetic Science

Version 1 : Received: 5 May 2019 / Approved: 6 May 2019 / Online: 6 May 2019 (12:37:44 CEST)

How to cite: Casadidio, C.; Vargas Peregrina, D.; Gigliobianco, M.R.; Deng, S.; Censi, R.; Di Martino, P. Chitin and Chitosans: Characteristics, Eco-Friendly Processes and Applications in Cosmetic Science. Preprints 2019, 2019050066 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0066.v1). Casadidio, C.; Vargas Peregrina, D.; Gigliobianco, M.R.; Deng, S.; Censi, R.; Di Martino, P. Chitin and Chitosans: Characteristics, Eco-Friendly Processes and Applications in Cosmetic Science. Preprints 2019, 2019050066 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0066.v1).

Abstract

Huge amounts of chitin and chitosans can be found in the biosphere as important constituent of the exoskeleton of many organisms, as well as waste by worldwide seafood companies. Nowadays, politicians, environmentalists, and industrialists encouraged the use of these marine polysaccharides as renewable source, particularly when developed by alternative eco-friendly processes, especially in the production of regular cosmetics. The aim of this review is to outline the physicochemical and biological properties and the different bioextraction methods of chitin and chitosans sources, focusing on enzymatic deproteinization, bacteria fermentation, and enzymatic deacetylation methods. Thanks to their biodegradability, non-toxicity, biocompatibility, and bioactivity, the application of these marine polymers is widely used in the contemporary manufacturing of biomedical and pharmaceutical products. In the end, advanced cosmetic products based on chitin and chitosans are presented, analyzing different therapeutic aspects about skin, hair, nail, and oral care. The innovative formulations described can be considered as excellent solutions regarding problems in the various body anatomical sectors.

Subject Areas

chitin; chitosan; cosmetics; biodegradability; biomaterials; polysaccharides; green technology; marine cosmetic ingredients; marine green source; marine resources

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