Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Significance of Biophilic Architecture in Perceived Restorativeness: Cases of Colonial Churches of Himachal Pradesh

Version 1 : Received: 10 April 2019 / Approved: 11 April 2019 / Online: 11 April 2019 (08:32:41 CEST)

How to cite: Rai, S.; Asim, F.; Shree, V. The Significance of Biophilic Architecture in Perceived Restorativeness: Cases of Colonial Churches of Himachal Pradesh. Preprints 2019, 2019040134 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0134.v1). Rai, S.; Asim, F.; Shree, V. The Significance of Biophilic Architecture in Perceived Restorativeness: Cases of Colonial Churches of Himachal Pradesh. Preprints 2019, 2019040134 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0134.v1).

Abstract

Imperial rule in the Indian sub-continent led to the construction of several European styled churches in the late 19th and early 20th century. St. John in Wilderness, built in 1852 in Mcleod Ganj, and Christ Church built in 1857 in Shimla, are examples of the symposium of extensive natural richness and architectural imperialism carried under the name of ‘The Gothic Revival’. This paper presents a biophilic analysis of these two 19th century churches along with the responses from 238 visitors recorded on the perceived restorativeness scale’s four contributing factors Being Away, Fascination, Extent and Compatibility, to understand the relationship between the human perception of architecture and nature. The study concludes that St. John in Wilderness due to its close connection with nature has greater Perceived Restorativeness in comparison to the Christ Church. The contributing factors of high restorative quality are identified and highlighted so that improved design guidelines for religious buildings can be prepared for future references.

Subject Areas

Biophilic architecture; sustainability; perceived restorativeness; Gothic Revival; colonial churches

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