Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

‘All I Ever Want to Eat is Pizza and Pasta’: Italian Food Temptations Associated with Adverse Perinatal Outcomes

Version 1 : Received: 7 April 2019 / Approved: 8 April 2019 / Online: 8 April 2019 (11:35:16 CEST)

How to cite: Triunfo, S.; Mayer, R.; Danza, M.; Lanzone, A. ‘All I Ever Want to Eat is Pizza and Pasta’: Italian Food Temptations Associated with Adverse Perinatal Outcomes. Preprints 2019, 2019040089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0089.v1). Triunfo, S.; Mayer, R.; Danza, M.; Lanzone, A. ‘All I Ever Want to Eat is Pizza and Pasta’: Italian Food Temptations Associated with Adverse Perinatal Outcomes. Preprints 2019, 2019040089 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201904.0089.v1).

Abstract

Growing body of evidence endorse the hypothesis of a protective role played by the in-utero environment on a suitable fetal programming, mainly sustained by fitting maternal diet. Our purpose was to assess the linkage between maternal food intake and poor obstetric results, with a special focus on typical Italian food. A cross sectional study including delivering women was designed. A self-reported questionnaire about socio-demographic data, obstetric history, and food frequency intake during pregnancy was administrated. A composite of adverse perinatal outcomes (APO) was constructed. Statistically significant differences were found between APO and control group in smoking habit (9.7 vs. 3.2%, p=0.045) and BMI at delivery (27.9±4.9 vs. 26.9±3.9, p=0.003). Women complicated by any or more APOs reported increased rates of pasta (5.3± 3.6 vs.4.4±1.9 times per week, p<0.001) and pizza (1.9±3.4 vs. 1.1±0.6, p<0.001) intake, with lower consumption of vegetables (5.4±3.9 vs. 7.1±2.9, p<0.001). By logistic regression analysis and after adjustments for maternal age, ethnicity, SES, maternal BMI at delivery, excessive ingestion of pizza (aOR 1.676, 95%CI 1.199-2.343, p=0.033), but not pasta (aOR 1.077, 95%CI 0.950-1.211, p=0.244), was found associated with APO. Vegetable consumption showed a protective role in reducing APOs (aOR 0.897, 95%CI 0.818-0.985, p=0.022). Nutrition in pregnancy should minimalize pizza intakes.

Subject Areas

Fook intake; pizza; pasta; vegetables; pregnancy; adverse perinatal outcome

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