Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sustainable Development Evaluation of Foreign Trade Based on Emergy Analysis Method in Shenzhen City, China

Version 1 : Received: 20 March 2019 / Approved: 21 March 2019 / Online: 21 March 2019 (07:01:35 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yutong, T.; Shulian, X.; Chunhui, L.; Hongli, L.; Jiansu, M. Sustainable Developmental Evaluation of Foreign Trade Based on Emergy Analysis Method in Shenzhen City, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3035. Yutong, T.; Shulian, X.; Chunhui, L.; Hongli, L.; Jiansu, M. Sustainable Developmental Evaluation of Foreign Trade Based on Emergy Analysis Method in Shenzhen City, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3035.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2019, 11, 3035
DOI: 10.3390/su11113035

Abstract

The foreign trade sustainable development index system of Shenzhen City, including the three subsystems of environment, economy, and society, was constructed based on the theory of emergy analysis.The sustainable development of foreign trade in Shenzhen City from 2009 to 2016 was evaluated, and a detailed analysis of changes in the emergy of light and heavy industries was performed. The results showed that the scale of economy has been expanding, and the total volume of imports and exports has turned from a rise to a decline in 2013. The status of sustainable development is not optimistic. The transaction volume of energy is reduced, and the quality of people's living environment is declining. The sustainable development of Shenzhen City is not perfect, but it is in a phase of gradual optimization. Moreover, the proportion of heavy industry in import and export trade is significantly higher than that of light industry, which has caused the outflow of energy to a certain extent. Therefore, to improve the level of foreign trade sustainable development, we must improve the efficiency of resource utilization, increase the import of energy products, strengthen the ability to cope with external interference and adjust the foreign trade industrial structure.

Subject Areas

emergy analysis; foreign trade; sustainable development; Shenzhen City

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