Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Socio-Demographic Statuses: Theory, Methods, and Applications

Version 1 : Received: 4 February 2019 / Approved: 5 February 2019 / Online: 5 February 2019 (11:02:16 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 16 December 2020 / Approved: 16 December 2020 / Online: 16 December 2020 (12:11:53 CET)

How to cite: Abdullahi, K.B. Socio-Demographic Statuses: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Preprints 2019, 2019020051. Abdullahi, K.B. Socio-Demographic Statuses: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Preprints 2019, 2019020051.


Socio-demography of statuses reflects the demographic and social roles and achievements of an individual(s) in a population. In the theoretical frameworks, little was known about the theory, analytical measures, and evolutionary mechanism of the socio-demographics of statuses of an individual(s). In this paper, three (3) methodological issues regarding the concept of socio-demographics were proposed, these are: (a) identified the basic features that clarify our understanding about the conception of the socio-demographic statuses of an individual(s) as common, universal, and desirable positions, achievements, and advantages every individual strives and competes to attain, achieve, maintain, update, and upgrade which are determined by biological and social environments, driven and regulated by a continuum of competitions and natural selections; (b) presented a new paradigm of analytical measures of an individual’s socio-demographic statuses and the established hierarchical transitions; (c) proposed theoretical assumptions for the evolution of a socio-demographically unique population. Seven (7) factors (the driving forces) and eight (8) conditions responsible for the evolution of socio-demographically unique populations were identified and explained. The evolutionary transitions were organized into six (6) socio-demographic ranks.


socio-demographic positions; socio-demographic success; socio-demographic evolution; socio-demographic hierarchy; analytical measures


Business, Economics and Management, Accounting and Taxation

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 16 December 2020
Commenter: Kabir Bindawa Abdullahi
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: The following major issues were corrected in the current version of the manuscript:
1. Grammatical glitches and spelling errors were edited.
2. The conflation of biological sex with gender from the previous version has now been reviewed and edited.
3. Some sections and subsections were modified or improved. 
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