Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Scoping Review of the Person-Centered Literature in Adult Physical Rehabilitation

Version 1 : Received: 15 January 2019 / Approved: 1 February 2019 / Online: 1 February 2019 (10:53:15 CET)

How to cite: Jesus, T.; Bright, F.A...; Pinho, C.S...; Papadimitriou, C...; Kayes, N.M..; Cott, C.A.. Scoping Review of the Person-Centered Literature in Adult Physical Rehabilitation. Preprints 2019, 2019020015 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0015.v1). Jesus, T.; Bright, F.A...; Pinho, C.S...; Papadimitriou, C...; Kayes, N.M..; Cott, C.A.. Scoping Review of the Person-Centered Literature in Adult Physical Rehabilitation. Preprints 2019, 2019020015 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0015.v1).

Abstract

Objective: To map the literature pertaining to adult Person-Centered Rehabilitation (PCR).Data Sources:  Following our previously published scoping review protocol, data were identified through: three major databases, snowball searches and expert consultation.Study Selection: Two independent reviewers identified English-language papers which addressed adult physical rehabilitation and met one or more of the six pre-defined inclusion categories for PCR content. Data Extraction: Two independent reviewers extracted key characteristics of included papers (e.g. aims, methods, participants). Quantitative methods (descriptive statistics, regression analysis) and qualitative content analyses were used to synthesize the results.  Data synthesis: Of 5084 unique records initially screened, 145 papers were included: 111 empirical, including 11 systematic reviews. Empirical papers had data from 13498 clients and 3849 providers, in total. Yearly publications grew exponentially from 2000 to 2017 (r²= 0.65; p<0.01). Publications were unevenly distributed by countries (e.g. United States’ publications per population size was 45 times lower than New Zealand’s). Most papers focused in more than one profession, setting-type or health conditions, respectively 57.2%, 66.2%, and 60.7%. Finally, more than half of the empirical papers (53.2%) studied implementation of PCR approaches, including its effect. Conclusion: This scoping review synthesizes key characteristics and publication trends in the PCR literature, which is mainly empirical and growing exponentially over time. Stakeholders can use the identified trends, gaps, and literature map to guide further PCR research, and both clinical and organizational practices. The high prevalence of papers focused on multiple professions, settings-type, or health conditions reinforces the need for developing a transdisciplinary, trans-service model of PCR, which will be derived from a thematic analysis of this body of literature.

Subject Areas

Rehabilitation; Review; Patient-Centered Care

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