Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Watershed-Scale Surface Runoff and Water Quality Response to Climate Change, Urbanization, and Implementation of LIDs

Version 1 : Received: 17 January 2019 / Approved: 18 January 2019 / Online: 18 January 2019 (11:13:21 CET)

How to cite: Nazari-Sharabian, M.; Karakouzian, M.; Ahmad, S. Watershed-Scale Surface Runoff and Water Quality Response to Climate Change, Urbanization, and Implementation of LIDs. Preprints 2019, 2019010184 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0184.v1). Nazari-Sharabian, M.; Karakouzian, M.; Ahmad, S. Watershed-Scale Surface Runoff and Water Quality Response to Climate Change, Urbanization, and Implementation of LIDs. Preprints 2019, 2019010184 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0184.v1).

Abstract

The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) was used to evaluate the impact of urbanization, climate change, and implementation of Low Impact Developments (LIDs) at the Mahabad Dam watershed, Iran. Several scenarios of urbanization, with and without climate change impacts, in different locations were defined, including near outlet, middle, far end, and whole watershed. Climate change was considered to change the intensity of rainfall and increase evaporation. Vegetative swales were implemented as LIDs to evaluate their applicability to reduce pollutant loads. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the area was input into ArcGIS, and the watershed was delineated using the ArcSWAT extension to identify topographic features. Water quality properties were defined in the software, and each scenario was run for a twelve-hour simulation. The results indicated that urbanization affects the imperviousness of sub-catchments, and location of urbanization affects the amount and timing of runoff and pollutant yields. Fifty-percent urbanization near the watershed outlet resulted in 23.1% and 27.4% increases in runoff and pollutant loads, respectively. Fifty-percent urbanization in the middle resulted in 28.8% and 35.4% increases in runoff and pollutant loads; and, at the far end, 23.1% and 3.9% increases in runoff and pollutant loads were the result; Fifty-percent urbanizing the whole watershed gave 58.6% and 66.3% increases in runoff and pollutant loads, respectively; Under climate change scenarios (higher intensity, shorter duration rainfall) peaks occurred earlier. Moreover, results showed LIDs decreased pollution loads up to 25%.

Subject Areas

urbanization; climate change; SWMM; LID; runoff; water quality

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