Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study of Structural Organization of Water and Aqueous Solutions by Means of Optical Microscopy

Version 1 : Received: 3 January 2019 / Approved: 4 January 2019 / Online: 4 January 2019 (14:23:37 CET)

How to cite: Yakhno, T.; Yakhno, V. A Study of Structural Organization of Water and Aqueous Solutions by Means of Optical Microscopy. Preprints 2019, 2019010044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0044.v1). Yakhno, T.; Yakhno, V. A Study of Structural Organization of Water and Aqueous Solutions by Means of Optical Microscopy. Preprints 2019, 2019010044 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201901.0044.v1).

Abstract

It is shown that structuring at the microlevel is the intrinsic property of water and aqueous solutions. At room conditions water (including "ultrapure" one) and aqueous solutions are dispersed systems in which microcrystals of NaCl, surrounded by a layer of hydrated water (average diameter - 10-15 microns), are "elementary microparticles", which form the basis of the dispersed phase. Possible ways of formation of these microparticles and their evolution in the process of evaporation of unstructured part of water - dispersion medium - are considered. It is shown, in particular, that they are present in the air as aerosol contaminants. When the ionic strength of the solution increases, the water-salt particles coagulate, forming a new phase - coacervates, remaining on the substrate after evaporation of the liquid part of the water. The aggregates of coacervate structures, formed in a liquid medium, are disordered during heating, which can cause a change in a number of physicochemical properties of water at the temperatures of 50°-60°C range that have not been correctly explained in the framework of atomic-molecular concepts.

Subject Areas

microstructure of liquids; water-salt units; salt microcrystals; hydrated shells; coacervates, self – assembly; air pollution.

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