Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Electronic Structure Calculations of Oxygen Atom Transport Energetics in the Presence of Screw Dislocations in Tungsten

Version 1 : Received: 2 January 2019 / Approved: 4 January 2019 / Online: 4 January 2019 (08:42:36 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhao, Y.; Dezerald, L.; Marian, J. Electronic Structure Calculations of Oxygen Atom Transport Energetics in the Presence of Screw Dislocations in Tungsten. Metals 2019, 9, 252. Zhao, Y.; Dezerald, L.; Marian, J. Electronic Structure Calculations of Oxygen Atom Transport Energetics in the Presence of Screw Dislocations in Tungsten. Metals 2019, 9, 252.

Journal reference: Metals 2019, 9, 252
DOI: 10.3390/met9020252

Abstract

Plastic flow in body-centered cubic (bcc) alloys is governed by the thermally-activated screw dislocation motion. In bcc interstitial solid solutions, solute diffusion can occur at very fast rates owing to low migration energies and solute concentrations. Under mechanical loading, solutes may move on the same or similar time scale as dislocations glide, even at low temperatures, potentially resulting in very rich co-evolution processes that may have important effects in the overall material response. It is therefore important to accurately quantify the coupling between interstitial impurities and dislocations, so that larger-scale models can correctly account for their (co)evolution. In this paper, we use electronic structure calculations to obtain the energetics of oxygen diffusion under stress and its interaction energy with screw dislocation cores in bcc tungsten. We find that oxygen atoms preferentially migrate from tetrahedral to tetrahedral sites with an energy of 0.2 eV. This energy couples only weakly to hydrostatic and deviatoric deformations, with activation volumes of less than $0.02$ and $0.2b^3$, respectively. The strongest effect is found for the inelastic interaction between O atoms and screw dislocation cores, which leads to attractive energies on the order of 1.5 eV and a structural transformation of the screw dislocation core from an `easy' to a `hard' core configuration

Subject Areas

W-O alloy, interstitial solid solution, screw dislocations, solute diffusion, stress coupling

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