Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Climate Change Impact On Rice Production in Pakistan: An ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration

Version 1 : Received: 5 December 2018 / Approved: 7 December 2018 / Online: 7 December 2018 (17:26:03 CET)

How to cite: Chandio, A.A.; Jiang, Y.; Magsi, H. Climate Change Impact On Rice Production in Pakistan: An ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration. Preprints 2018, 2018120095 Chandio, A.A.; Jiang, Y.; Magsi, H. Climate Change Impact On Rice Production in Pakistan: An ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration. Preprints 2018, 2018120095

Abstract

This research paper aims to examine the relationship between CO2, temperature, area, fertilizers and rice production in Pakistan. This study used Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips Perron (PP) unit root tests to check the order of integration of each variable. The cointegration analysis with ARDL bounds testing approach is used to examine the impact of climate change on rice production in Pakistan over time series data from the period 1968 to 2014. The parameter stability test of the model is also checked at the end. The results of estimation show that the important variables of the study are cointegrated demonstrating the presence of long-run association among them. Furthermore, climate change factors, e.g. CO2 and temperature have a long-run and short-run positive effect on the production of rice in Pakistan. This present work is original and it is first time empirically tested the impact of climate change on rice production in Pakistan. The annual time series data of 47 years enhances the validity of the empirical findings. The most fruitful finding of this research is that rice production in Pakistan is positively influenced by emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) at 5 percent significance level in both long-run and short-run.

Subject Areas

Pakistan; Climate change; Rice production; ARDL

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