Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Insights into the Nature of Hydroxyl Groups and Zn Species over Defective HZSM-5 Zeolite Supported Zinc Catalysts Prepared by Chemical Liquid Deposition (CLD) with Zn(CH2CH3)2

Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2018 / Approved: 3 December 2018 / Online: 3 December 2018 (09:41:48 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lin, L.; Zhang, X.; He, N.; Liu, J.; Xin, Q.; Guo, H. Operando Dual Beam FTIR Study of Hydroxyl Groups and Zn Species over Defective HZSM-5 Zeolite Supported Zinc Catalysts. Catalysts 2019, 9, 100. Lin, L.; Zhang, X.; He, N.; Liu, J.; Xin, Q.; Guo, H. Operando Dual Beam FTIR Study of Hydroxyl Groups and Zn Species over Defective HZSM-5 Zeolite Supported Zinc Catalysts. Catalysts 2019, 9, 100.

Journal reference: Catalysts 2019, 9, 100
DOI: 10.3390/catal9010100

Abstract

A series of defective ZSM-5 zeolites (~300 nm, SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of 55, 100, 400 and 950) were intentionally prepared and systematically studied by XRD, SEM, 29Si MAS NMR, argon physisorption, NH3-TPD and FT-IR technologies. The nature, the amount and the accessibility of the acid sites of defective ZSM-5 zeolites are greatly different from reported ZSM-5 zeolites with perfect crystal structure. The co-existed strong Brønsted acid sites (Si(OH)Al) and weak Brønsted acid sites (hydroxyl nests) over defective ZSM-5 zeolites might lead to unique catalytic function. Zn(C2H5)2 was grafted onto defective ZSM-5 zeolites through chemical liquid deposition (CLD) method. Interestingly, FT-IR spectroscopy studies find that Zn(C2H5)2 was preferentially grafted on the hydroxyl nests with weak acidity rather than the Si(OH)Al groups with strong acidity over different defective ZSM-5 zeolites. Particularly, home-built operando dual beam FTIR-MS was applied to study the catalytic performance of Zn species locating at different sites of defective ZSM-5 zeolites under n-hexane transformation. Results show that Zn species grafted over hydroxyl nests obtain better dehydrogenation performance than Zn species over framework aluminum. This study provides guidance for the rational design of highly efficient alkane dehydrogenative aromatization catalysts.

Subject Areas

defective ZSM-5; hydroxyl nests; Si(OH)Al; Zn(C2H5)2, chemical liquid deposition; operando dual beam FT-IR spectroscopy

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