Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Deterrence Theory in Paraguay: An Exploratory Study

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2018 / Approved: 30 November 2018 / Online: 30 November 2018 (10:01:44 CET)

How to cite: Schneider, A. Deterrence Theory in Paraguay: An Exploratory Study. Preprints 2018, 2018110626 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0626.v1). Schneider, A. Deterrence Theory in Paraguay: An Exploratory Study. Preprints 2018, 2018110626 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0626.v1).

Abstract

This research paper contributes to the literature of deterrence theory in general, and in particular with respect to white-collar crime, offering valuable inside by using a unique data set of fraud and violation of trust incidents for Paraguay. Descriptive evidence show a clear and continuous misallocation of funds and human capital, and therefore providing less efficient services for the public. Regression analysis suggests that clearance rate exerts a highly significant effect in deterring fraud but results are not clear for violation of trust incidents. Despite the limitations of available data, results confirm deterrence theory in Paraguay. However, to more than two-thirds of victims, not even the attempt was made to seek justice. As a side-result, it seems that a soft on crime strategy, induced from the former German penal code, has led to an increasing share of pre-trial diversion and therefore enhancing white-collar crimes like fraud and violation of trust due to impunity.

Subject Areas

deterrence; Paraguay; fraud; crime; soft on crime

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