Kaneko, K.; Osawa, T.; Kametani, Y.; Hayakawa, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Suzuki, H. Numerical and Experimental Analyses of Three- Dimensional Unsteady Flow around a Micro-Pillar Subjected to Rotational Vibration. Micromachines2018, 9, 668.
Kaneko, K.; Osawa, T.; Kametani, Y.; Hayakawa, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Suzuki, H. Numerical and Experimental Analyses of Three- Dimensional Unsteady Flow around a Micro-Pillar Subjected to Rotational Vibration. Micromachines 2018, 9, 668.
The steady streaming (SS) phenomenon is gaining increased attention in the microfluidics community, because it can generate net mass flow from the zero-mean vibration. We developed numerical simulation and experimental measurement tools to analyze this vibration induced flow, which has been challenging due to its unsteady nature. Validity of these analysis methods is confirmed by comparing the three-dimensional (3D) flow field induced around a cylindrical micropillar under circular vibration. In the numerical modeling, we directly solved the flow in the Lagrangian frame so that the substrate with a micropillar becomes stationary, and the result was converted to the Eulerian frame to compare them with the experimental results. The present approach enables to avoid the introduction of moving boundary or small perturbation approximation. The flow field obtained by the micro particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurement supported the three-dimensionality observed in the numerical results, which could be important for controlling the mass transport and manipulating particulate objects in the microfluidic systems.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.