Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An In-Vitro Evaluation of the Capacity of Local Tanzanian Crude Clay and Ash Based Materials in Binding Aflatoxins in Solution

Version 1 : Received: 1 November 2018 / Approved: 2 November 2018 / Online: 2 November 2018 (05:23:11 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ayo, E.M.; Matemu, A.; Laswai, G.H.; Kimanya, M.E. An In Vitro Evaluation of the Capacity of Local Tanzanian Crude Clay and Ash-Based Materials in Binding Aflatoxins in Solution. Toxins 2018, 10, 510. Ayo, E.M.; Matemu, A.; Laswai, G.H.; Kimanya, M.E. An In Vitro Evaluation of the Capacity of Local Tanzanian Crude Clay and Ash-Based Materials in Binding Aflatoxins in Solution. Toxins 2018, 10, 510.

Journal reference: Toxins 2018, 10, 510
DOI: 10.3390/toxins10120510

Abstract

Aflatoxins in feeds cause great health hazards to animals and in advance, to human. Potential of crude clays designated AC, KC, CC and MC and ashes VA and RA were evaluated for their capacity to adsorb aflatoxins B1 (AFB1), B2 (AFB2), G1 (AFG1) and G2 (AFG2) relative to a commercial binder MycobinderR (Evonik Industries AG) using in-vitro technique. On average, CC, VA, KC, MC, AC, RA and MycobindR adsorbed 39.9%, 51.3%, 61.5%, 62.0%, 72.6%, 84.7% and 98.1% of the total aflatoxins in buffered solution, respectively. The capacity of AC and RA was statistically (p<0.05) better in binding aflatoxins next to MycobindR. Capacity of the TBM and MycobindR to bind aflatoxins, seemed to follow the trend of their cation exchange capacity (CEC). The CEC (meq/100g) of CC, MC, KC, VA, AC, RA and MycobindR were 7.0, 15.4, 18.8, 25.4, 27.2, 27.2 and 38.9, respectively. On average 96.3%, 42.7%, 80.8% and 32.1% of AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2 were adsorbed, respectively.  Binding capacity of the clays and ashes relative to MycobindR was about 100% for AC and RA, 50% for KC, MC and VA and 33.3% for CC.  The AC and RA seem to be promising resources in binding aflatoxins in solution.

Subject Areas

clays; ashes aflatoxins; binding capacity; in-vitro and contaminated feeds

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.