Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

On The Riemann Function

Version 1 : Received: 26 October 2018 / Approved: 30 October 2018 / Online: 30 October 2018 (09:02:41 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zeitsch, P.J. On the Riemann Function. Mathematics 2018, 6, 316. Zeitsch, P.J. On the Riemann Function. Mathematics 2018, 6, 316.

Journal reference: Mathematics 2018, 6, 316
DOI: 10.3390/math6120316


Riemann’s method is one of the definitive ways of solving Cauchy’s problem for a second order linear hyperbolic partial differential equation in two variables. The first review of Riemann’s method was published by E. T. Copson in 1958. This study extends that work. Firstly, three solution methods were overlooked in Copson’s original paper. Secondly, several new approaches for finding Riemann functions have been developed since 1958. Those techniques are included here and placed in the context of Copson’s original study. There are also numerous equivalences between Riemann functions that have not previously been identified in the literature. Those links are clarified here by showing that many known Riemann functions are often equivalent due to the governing equation admitting a symmetry algebra isomorphic to $SL(2,R)$. Alternatively, the equation admits a Lie-Bäcklund symmetry algebra. Combining the results from several methods, a new class of Riemann functions is then derived which admits no symmetries whatsoever.

Subject Areas

Riemann Function; Riemann’s Method; hypergeometric function of several variables; point symmetry; generalized symmetry

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