Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method for the Rapid Identification of Dendrobium officinale

Version 1 : Received: 16 October 2018 / Approved: 18 October 2018 / Online: 18 October 2018 (06:15:37 CEST)

How to cite: Yang, L.; Zhou, H.; Lai, H.; Fu, F.; Wu, W. Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method for the Rapid Identification of Dendrobium officinale. Preprints 2018, 2018100404 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0404.v1). Yang, L.; Zhou, H.; Lai, H.; Fu, F.; Wu, W. Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method for the Rapid Identification of Dendrobium officinale. Preprints 2018, 2018100404 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0404.v1).

Abstract

Background: Dendrobium officinale is not only an ornamental plant, but also a valuable medicinal herb that is both effective and widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. However, distinguishing D. officinale from other Dendrobium species is usually a difficult task that need much time and complex technologies due to their very similar external morphologies. The aim of this study is to develop a fast, even on-spot approach to identify D. officinale. Methods: We used DNA barcode-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method with species-specific LAMP primers targeting the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rDNA of D. officinale. LAMP reaction time and temperature were optimized and the specificity and sensitivity of LAMP species-specific primers were assessed. Results: This technique showed a high specificity and sensitivity to amplify the genomic DNA of D. officinale and allowed for rapid amplification (within 40 min) of the ITS region under a constant and mild temperature range of 65 °C without using thermocyclers. Besides, by using SYBR® Green I dye as the color developing agent, the color change was easily observed with naked eye. Reaction mixture containing DNA of D. officinale changed from orange to green, while the other Dendrobium species and the negative control retained original orange color. The specificity of this LAMP-based method was confirmed by testing 17 samples of D. officinale and 32 adulterant samples from other Dendrobium species. Conclusions: This LAMP-based rapid identification method does not require expensive equipment or specialized techniques and can be used in field surveys for accurate and fast on site identification.

Subject Areas

Dendrobium officinale; ITS; loop-mediated isothermal amplification; identification; rapid

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