Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Nature of Low Temperature Carburized Layer

Version 1 : Received: 11 October 2018 / Approved: 12 October 2018 / Online: 12 October 2018 (03:44:33 CEST)

How to cite: Baniasadi, F.; Sovizi, S.; Todoroff, P.; Amini, P.; Asgari, S. The Nature of Low Temperature Carburized Layer. Preprints 2018, 2018100248 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0248.v1). Baniasadi, F.; Sovizi, S.; Todoroff, P.; Amini, P.; Asgari, S. The Nature of Low Temperature Carburized Layer. Preprints 2018, 2018100248 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0248.v1).

Abstract

Carburizing of stainless steels at low temperatures (below 500 °C) develops a high content carbon layer, known for its high hardness. X-ray Diffraction investigation indicates that carburization treatment does not impact the structure of substrate; however, introduced carbon causes expansion in the carburized layer through the increase in d-spacing. Characterization of carbon concentration and hardness profiles indicate that carbon content gradually decreases while moving further into the substrate; and the origin of the increased hardness of the expanded layer arises from the super-saturated carbon content, following the solid solution strengthening theory. An area that is not well understood is in regard to the carburized layer’s relation to the substrate and the significance in their differences. Using two grades of stainless steel, AISI 316L and PH 17-4, it was observed that the carburized layer is not a separate layer, but a higher carbon content version of the substrate.

Subject Areas

low temperature carburizing; XRD; optical microscopy; carburized layer

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