Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cell Cycle Arrest and Cytotoxic Effects of SAHA and RG7388 Mediated through p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1 in Cancer Cells

Version 1 : Received: 5 October 2018 / Approved: 7 October 2018 / Online: 7 October 2018 (11:33:18 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Natarajan, U.; Venkatesan, T.; Radhakrishnan, V.; Samuel, S.; Rasappan, P.; Rathinavelu, A. Cell Cycle Arrest and Cytotoxic Effects of SAHA and RG7388 Mediated through p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1 in Cancer Cells. Medicina 2019, 55, 30. Natarajan, U.; Venkatesan, T.; Radhakrishnan, V.; Samuel, S.; Rasappan, P.; Rathinavelu, A. Cell Cycle Arrest and Cytotoxic Effects of SAHA and RG7388 Mediated through p21WAF1/CIP1 and p27KIP1 in Cancer Cells. Medicina 2019, 55, 30.

Journal reference: Medicina 2019, 55, 30
DOI: 10.3390/medicina55020030

Abstract

Alterations in gene expressions are often due to epigenetic modifications that can lead to significant influence on cancer development, growth, and progression. The main epigenetic modifications observed in human are methylation and acetylation. In this regard, the HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) such as SAHA (Vorinostat), which can exert epigenetic alterations through impacting the acetylation status of histones, are in clinical trials as a new class of drugs with promising effects on the cancer growth and metastatic process. The small molecule RG7388 is a newly developed inhibitor that is specific for an oncogene-derived protein called MDM2, which is in clinical trials for the treatment of various types of cancers. One of the common characteristics for these two drugs is their ability to induce p21 expression through distinct mechanisms in MCF-7 and LNCaP cells. This difference was expected trigger cell cycle arrest and cell death through intra-cellular mechanisms that are not identical. Hence, the molecular mechanism whereby SAHA can induce cell cycle arrest and trigger necrosis, apoptosis or necroptosis is still evolving. Similarly, the ability of RG7388 for producing anticancer effect is undergoing thorough investigation, since it can produce p53 dependent and p53 independent effects. In this study we performed experiments to measure the cell cycle arrest effects of SAHA and RG7388 on using MCF-7 and LNCaP cells. The cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis/necroptosis effects of the treatments were assessed by using Trypan Blue Dye Exclusion (TBDE) method, MTT assay, Fluorescence assay with DEVD-amc fluorogenic substrate and Immunoblotting methods. Our results from MCF-7 and LNCaP cells confirmed that SAHA and RG7388 treatments were able to induce cell death via combination of cell cycle arrest and cytotoxic mechanisms. We are speculating that our findings could lead to the development of newer treatments for breast and prostate cancers using this type of combinations.

Subject Areas

SAHA; RG7388; MDM2; p53; p21; cell cycle arrest; cell death

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.